Raqefet Cave is a Late Natufian archaeological site located in Mount Carmel in the north of Israel. It was discovered in 1956. The site indicates plants were already used as food at Raqefet, before the advent of agriculture.
The earliest archaeological evidence of fermentation consists of 13,000-year-old residues of a beer with the consistency of gruel, used by the semi-nomadic Natufians for ritual feasting, at the Raqefet Cave near Haifa in Israel.
The findings suggest beer was not necessarily a side product of making bread as previously thought. This finding suggests the beer was brewed for ritual feasts to honor the dead. Thus, this cave could have been the first brewery in the world or the first home brewery.
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